How many of you are aware of the term “bone marrow”? You may have come across in TV shows or news channel where a person requires a bone marrow transplant. The term “marrow” depicts a spongy tissue that is present in the cavernous interior among the long bones. In an adult, the large bones are generally responsible for producing blood cells. The bone marrow is made up of 4% of the total body weight.
People suffering from the related diseases of bone marrow are required to have a bone marrow transplant. There are different kinds of transplant that one can go through depending on the type of disease. The cost of the transplant is also dependant on the nature of the transplant that the person needs to undergo. The Bone Marrow Transplant in India cost can also vary from the different packages that are involved in the hospital.
Different Systems of Bone Marrow
The bone marrow is generally divided into the following parts:
- The Red marrow-this is the part which is responsible for producing red and white blood cells along with platelets.
- The Yellow marrow-the general fat cells are the main constituents of this parts.
Apart from the above-given parts, one can find a lot of capillaries and blood vessels passing through the marrow. In the earlier stages, the color of the marrow mainly remains red. But as we get matured the red marrow generally changes its color to become yellow.
The Functions of Bone Marrow
Now, that you are aware of the different parts of a bone marrow it is time that you know about the different functions of it. You may have studied that RBC, whose lifespan is around 170 days is the main carrier of oxygen to the different parts of the tissue. The platelets which generally originate from the megakaryocytic cells prevent unnecessary bleeding in case of any accidents or cut. It is also responsible for clotting of the blood during a cut.
The basophile, neutrophils, and macrophages are together known as myeloid cells. These together form the Granulocytes. This protects the body from the attack of the different fungus and bacteria. This is also responsible for the removal of dead cells from the body enhancing the formation of new blood cells.
Diseases That Can Affect Your Bone Marrow
There are certain diseases that are present which are capable of causing harm to your bone marrow.
Few of the diseases are mentioned below:
- multiple myeloma
- myelodysplastic syndrome
The advancement of medical science has made it possible for persons getting affected with the bone marrow related diseases to engage themselves in a bone marrow transplant. The main criterion for the transplant is to have a donor who will be interested in donating their bone marrow to the affected. With the latest advancement transplantation has now become easier. Though the related cost seems high, a successful transplant can save the life of the affected.