Before leaving for Rajasthan, discover the main tourist attractions of Rajasthan: Bikaner, Jaisalmer, palace-fortresses, Jodhpur, Pushkar, Jaipur, the city of Amber, Udaipur on Lake Pichola …
India’s largest state, Rajasthan is located in the north-west of the country, bordering with Pakistan. An arid and desert land for the most part, Rajasthan is nicknamed “Land of Kings” because of the conquering elite – descendants of the Huns – who settled there from the sixth century to build a large number of citadels and palace.
To the west of the province, in the great desert of Thar, are two princely cities located on the trade route to the southern ports. Bikaner and Jaisalmer have fortified palaces – the garhs – each with its own originality. Built in the second half of the 16th century, the palace-fortress of Junagarh in Bikaner(north of the state) is a massive fort protected by moats and ramparts fortified by thirty-seven bastions. The old town itself is surrounded by a wall and is home to many “havelis”, houses with chiselled and richly decorated facades built by the merchants. Also read about the best luxury trains to experience Rajasthan Palace on Wheels.
Jaisalmer (quite to the west), built from the twelfth century, astonished by the beauty of its sumptuous houses carved in yellow sandstone by real artists. The ancient city, with its typical alleys and stalls, is located inside the fortress – surrounded by a double rampart and a hundred bastions – built on the hill at 85 meters high. Two richly decorated temples, in homage to Jain and Hindu deities, enthroned in the fortress; other temples overlook the waters of the artificial reservoir of Gadisar.
In Jodhpur (further east), the fort is also built on the hill overlooking the city in blue colors. Made of red sandstone, the Mehrangarh fort has impressive dimensions and is a veritable masterpiece of Rajput military architecture, now an open-air museum.
More to the east still, the city of Pushkar gathers a multitude of sanctuaries and temples around a sacred lake. In this country where spirituality is lived daily, the pilgrims come together for a purifying bath.
Jaipur (all to the east), capital of Rajasthan, was built in checkerboard according to the plans of enlightened Maharaja Jai Singh II. In the city center, the City Palace is a huge complex containing various princely buildings surrounded by private enclosures. We also discover the façade of the Hawa Mahal Palace, and its famous honeycomb balconies characteristic of Rajput architecture.
Nearby, the city of Amber is an ancient clan capital dominated by a fort as well as a palace on the shores of Lake Maota. Access to the palace is practiced on the back of an elephant. His paintings, frescoes and mirrors are beautiful pieces of Rajput decorative art.
The southern part of Rajasthan also has many tourist attractions, citadels and temples. We must discover Udaipur, princely city on Lake Pichola. On the hillside, the prestigious City Palace is the largest palace in the province. Granite and white marble, of a very sober style surmounted by towers and cupolas, it contains a large number of pavilions, courtyards, terraces, narrow passages, hanging gardens.
Embark your journey to Rajasthan and also know about the Palace on Wheels train price and visit the major attractions of Rajasthan.